Both one of the elders in God's heavenly throne room and Christ Himself revealed that He was "the Root
of David." Here are the scriptures.
"And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David,
hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst
of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb (Christ) as it had been
slain..." (Rev. 5:5).
"I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the
offspring of David, and the bright and morning star." (Rev. 22:16).
The scriptures reveal that this use of root generally means ancestor, for example: "And there shall come
forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots..." (Is. 11:1). This scripture
has been explained by calling King David the "rod out of the stem of Jesse" and calling Christ the
"Branch (that) shall grow out of his roots." This relationship is illustrated above by the Ensign of the
Branch Davidian church.
But this scripture is a bit more complicated than that. Although it is used correctly to denote King David
and our Lord and Savior, Christ, it also has a further fulfillment since instead of "the" rod and "the"
Branch, it refers to "a" rod and "a" branch.
Additionally, Christ seems to be referred to in other scriptures as the descendant of David instead of a
Branch from his roots. "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous
Branch (Christ), and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is His name whereby he shall be
called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS." (Jer. 23:5,6).
To further complicate matters, the Apostle Paul calls Christ "a root of Jesse." "And again, Esaias saith,
There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles
trust." (Romans 15:12). The scripture that Paul references is from Isaiah (in the New Testament Isaiah was
spelled Esaias). "And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the
people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious." (Is. 11:10).
Several questions arise from these scriptures. Is this seeming confusion only what is necessary to
accommodate more that one fulfillment of the same prophecy? Or is there a hidden meaning here?
Finally, how can Christ be of the seed of David when He was the begotten child of two holy parents, and
Mary was His surrogate mother? "And the angel answered and said unto her (Mary), The Holy Ghost
(Christ's heavenly Mother) shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest (Christ's heavenly Father)
shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing (Christ) which shall be born of thee shall be called
the Son of God." (Luke 1:35). (Also see No. 22, "The Holy Family.")
On the other hand, the Apostle Paul calls Christ "of the seed of David." "Concerning his Son Jesus Christ
our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh..." (Romans 1:3). And Christ refers
to Himself as "the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star." (Rev. 22:16).
The answer to these questions is reached by taking the elder in God's throne room and Christ absolutely
literally. Since they said Christ was the root of David, then He must literally have appeared as David's
ancestor, part of the bloodline from which David descended. From the words of the Apostle Paul and the
prophecy of Isaiah 11:1,10 (quoted above), Christ was also the root (an ancestor) of David's father, Jesse.`
Christ was also characterized as the Lion of the tribe of Judah by an elder in God's throne room. "And
one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath
prevailed to open the book..." (Rev. 5:5). So if we are to assume that Christ appeared as an ancestor of
David, he must have been between Judah and Jesse.
Christ could not have been Judah. Remember, Judah sold his brother Joseph into slavery (Gen. 37:26-
28), broke his promise to Tamar, fornicated with her thinking she was a prostitute, and was prepared to
judge her for fornication (Gen. 38:11-24). The character of Judah was not particularly Christ like.
Here is the whole bloodline from Judah to David. "The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah... And
Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five. The sons of
Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul. The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and
Chelubai. And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah;
and Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse. And
Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, Nethaneel the fourth,
Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, David the seventh..." (1 Chron. 2:3-5,9-15).
Of all of these ancestors of David, only Boaz stands out. The others may have been fine men, but the
scriptures scarcely mention them outside of David and Christ's genealogy. Could Christ have appeared
as Boaz to be part of the ancestry of David? Here are the clues.
Boaz was a man of Bethlehem Ephratah, so he was certainly in the right place to fulfill prophecy. "But
thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands (of towns) of Judah, yet out of thee
shall He come forth unto Me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from
everlasting." (Micah 5:2).
The "ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting" must be Christ, who
existed before the Creation. "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word
was God. The same was in the beginning with God. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us,
(and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth." (John 1:
1,2,14). Note that "goings forth" is plural, suggesting multiple visits to mankind.
Note that Bethlehem was associated with the name Ephratah from its founding. "These are the sons of
Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem." (1 Chron. 4:4). Hur was Judah's great great
grandson. (See 1 Chron. 2.)
Boaz is found in the Book of Ruth. Here is a condensation of the story in that book. "Now it came to pass
in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of
Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. And the name
of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and
Chilion, Ephrathites (ancestry) of Bethlehem(town)judah(country). And they came into the country of
Moab, and continued there. And Elimelech Naomi’s husband died; and she was left, and her two sons.
And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the
other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and
the woman was left of her two sons and her husband. Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she
might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the Lord had
visited His people in giving them bread." (Ruth 1:1-6).
At Naomi's urging, Orpah remained in Moab, but Ruth insisted on going with Naomi. "And Ruth said,
Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and
where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: where thou diest,
will I die, and there will I be buried: the Lord do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and
me. So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the
country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest." (Ruth 1:16,17,22).
"And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband’s, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his
name was Boaz. And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of
corn after him in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. And she went,
and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field
belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech." (Ruth 2:1-3).
"Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this? And the servant
that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi
out of the country of Moab... Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in
another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens: let thine eyes be on the field
that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch
thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have
drawn." (Ruth 2:5,6,8,9).
"And Boaz... said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law
since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy
nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. The Lord recompense thy work,
and a full reward be given thee of the Lord God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust. Then
she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast
spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens. And Boaz said
unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. And she
sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left.
And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among
the sheaves, and reproach her not: and let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave
them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not. So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out
that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley. And she took it up, and went into the city... So
she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and
dwelt with her mother in law." (Ruth 2: 11-18,23).
"Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be
well with thee? And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he
winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. Wash thy self therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy
raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he
shall have done eating and drinking. And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place
where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee
what thou shalt do. And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law
bade her. And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of
the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. And it came to pass at
midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. And he said,
Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine
handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. And he said, Blessed be thou of the Lord, my daughter: for thou
hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not
young men, whether poor or rich. And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest:
for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. And now it is true that I am thy near
kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if
he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do
the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the Lord liveth: lie down until
the morning. And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another.
And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor. Also he said, Bring the vail that thou
hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her:
and she went into the city. " (Ruth 3:1-4, 6-15).
"Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake
came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat
down. And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down. And
he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land,
which was our brother Elimelech’s: and I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants,
and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then
tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will
redeem it. Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of
Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. And the
kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to
thyself; for I cannot redeem it." (Ruth 4:1-6).
"And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all
that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi. Moreover Ruth the
Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his
inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his
place: ye are witnesses this day. And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are
witnesses." (Ruth 4:9-11).
"So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the Lord gave her conception,
and she bare a son. And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the Lord, which hath not left thee this
day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her
bosom, and became nurse unto it. And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son
born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David." (Ruth 4:
From Boaz's dealings with Ruth, it is obvious that he was a kind, charitable and honorable man. He
certainly appears to have the character of Christ. Ruth also appears to have the beautiful, selfless
character of the Holy Ghost.
Additionally, one of the brass pillars that Solomon set on the porch of the Temple was named for Boaz.
"And he (Solomon) set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called
the name thereof Jachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz." (1 Kings 7:21).
A pillar is a symbol of God. "And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the
way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night... (Ex. 13:21). Pillars are also
symbols of the seven Spirits of God. "Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven
pillars..." (Prov. 9:1). (See No. 26, "Unsealing The Thunders.") And finally, a pillar is a symbol of Christ's
King. "Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of My God, and he shall go no more out: and I
will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, which is new Jerusalem,
which cometh down out of heaven from My God: and I will write upon him My new name." (Rev. 3:12). (See
No. 41, "Christ's King.")
None of this is conclusive. To safely conclude that Boaz was a manifestation of Christ in human flesh, we
would have to see hidden symbolic references to Christ's future ministry as the Son of God. They are
The harvest of the first ripe grain, barley, was beginning as Ruth and Naomi enter Bethlehem. Naomi
(representing the Holy Spirit Mother) guides Ruth to the harvest. Boaz helps Ruth to gleam. The three are
a foreshadowing of Christ's ministry. "And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and
was led by the Spirit into the wilderness." (Luke 4:1).
The ephah of barley that Ruth gathers the first day that she gleans is a symbol of the first of the first fruits
of the harvest, the 120 members of Christ's ministry, who were gathered before the Pentecost in which
the Holy Ghost lit upon the heads of the church. (See Acts 1:15: 2:1-4). It also foreshadows the ephah of
Zechariah 5, which gathers the first of the first fruits of the final harvest, the harpers of Revelation 14:1-3
and Revelation 15. (See No. 66, "Zechariah 5, Judgment and Rapture.")
The six measures of barley which Boaz gives to Ruth are a symbol of the people of Judah who were
gathered in the harvest of Judah, three and a half years by Christ personally, three and a half years by
the disciples exclusively to Judah, and a further thirty three years before the ministry to Judah ended
with the destruction of Jerusalem.
In discussing the wheat and the barley of third seal scripture, particularly Rev. 6:6, and the parable of the
vineyard, Matthew 20:1-16, V. T. Houteff had this to say:
""Coming back to our text: "A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny."
(Rev. 6:6.) Why is the wheat mentioned first, and the barley last? Why not the reverse? Why three times
as much barley for a penny to one of wheat? Or why not the reverse? The Scriptures are perfect and no
flaw can be found in them. Therefore, there must be a reason for this order of arrangement, as well as for
the quantity of each cereal. Barley ripens much earlier than wheat. Therefore, those hired first must be
represented by the barley, otherwise the symbol could not be perfect. The barley, then, represents the
Jewish nation, as they were hired first. Naturally the wheat must represent the ones called at the
eleventh hour. It is marvelous how perfect the Scriptures are."
""... The two cereals are sufficient to illustrate the thought and to clear the lesson. But the chief reason
for only two is to draw attention to the first and last calls, because reference is made of but two Israels;
namely, Israel after the flesh (the descendants of Abraham), and Israel after the spirit (the 144,000). But
the object of the lesson is for the latter, who are hired at the eleventh hour, for the truth of the parable
has never been understood by any other company."
""Mark that the ones hired first worked all the day, but those hired last labored only one hour. For that
reason the voice said, "three measures of barley" as against "one measure of wheat" for a penny -- day's
wage."" (Ibid, "The Shepherd's Rod," Vol. 2, 1932, p. 233,234). Houteff also explained why the measure of
wheat was mentioned before the three measures of barley.
""Now the question why the voice from the throne said, "One measure of wheat for a penny," first, and
"three measures of barley for a penny," last, will be answered. Humanly speaking it should have been the
reverse, for by the wheat is represented the last message (eleventh hour) and by the barley the first
(early in the morning -- Israel going out of Egypt). Had the voice reversed the enumeration of the cereals,
it would have been wrong, for said Jesus: "So when even was come, the Lord of the vineyard saith unto
his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first..."
""Why were the first paid last, and the last first? Answer. -- The pay God's servants receive is eternal life,
and is characterized by the penny. Therefore, those who are granted the assurance of a never ending life
first, are those who were hired last, and according to the parable, it was the company called at the
eleventh hour. They are those who are marked or sealed by the man with the writer's inkhorn of Ezekiel 9,
or as John calls him, the angel with the seal of God; and he sealed, or marked, 144,000. (See Rev. 7.) This
glorious company is the first who are granted the assurance of never tasting death."" (Ibid, p. 234,235).
Because one measure of wheat was 144,000 grains, each representing one of the 144,000 missionaries of
Revelation 14:1-5, six measures of barley would represent about 850,000 people of Judah who came to
Christ during the forty years of the harvest of Judah. Although a number this large seems unimaginable,
remember 3000 were added to the church on one day, the Pentecost after Christ returned to heaven.
(See Acts 2:41.)
In summation: at this point, we have found a perfect explanation for Isaiah 11:1. "And there shall come
forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse (David), and a Branch (Christ, physically Boaz reborn) shall grow out
of his (Jesse's) roots..." We have Boaz symbolized as a brass (symbol of earthly righteousness) pillar
(symbol of God) in the temple. There are also the prophetic symbols, the grouping of mother, daughter,
son; the ephah and the six measures of barley.
I am prepared to go out on a limb and dare you to use a limb saw. God satisfied Himself that He had
indeed brought forth the Messiah from the seed of David, fully keeping His promise to David. He brought
forth Boaz as a manifestation of Christ and made Boaz an ancestor of David. Boaz was then reborn of
David's descendant Mary, as the Son of God, not just a man of excellent character, but a man of divine
The implications of this for Jews are staggering. Because Jews have practiced marrying Jews for
centuries, most of the known Jews are probably descendants of the physical Christ. (As evidenced by the
kings of Judah, this does not necessarily translate to beauty of character.)
The implications for Christians are astounding. Jesse had seven sons, that were born in Bethlehem, five
miles from Jerusalem. David and the kings that followed him also had many sons, the kings of Judah
ruled in Jerusalem, their families lived there. The scripture records that after the Babylonian captivity,
the men of Judah "came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city..." (Ezra 2:1).
The Christian church was formed in Jerusalem. Therefore from its inception it has been filled with people
who have a share in the physical DNA of Christ. Although it is impossible to tell who they are, many
Christians today are descendants of the physical Christ. Now if only they could be as righteous as Boaz.
Amo Paul Bishop Roden